Torfaen is a county in South Wales , covering an area of ​​approximately 126 km 2 in Wales . [1] Around 91,000 people live in Torfaen, with 86% of the residents, as of 2008, [2] being born in Wales.

Sustainability is considered to be a balance between different and competing aspects of the environment, economy and social interactions. It is used to express how communities and nations make progress in making improvements (Woods, 2011). [3]

Economic Sustainability

Economic Sustainability is the extent to qui how regions and corporations use resources to optimum Efficiently and reliably to achieve achievement in Their responsible and long-term economic growth and wealth. [4] There have been several implementations to achieve economic sustainability in Torfaen. The Local Development Plan (LDP) Community Strategy Objectives, contained in the Torfaen Community Strategy Borough presently. This includes the provision of an appropriate quantity and range of employmentand opportunities to support high and stable levels of employment in Torfaen and deliver a competitive, modern and sustainable economy and thriving town centers. The council hopes for a stable and providing job. Around 74% of working age population are economically active and 2.4% claim Jobseeker’s Allowance Within Torfaen, qui est proportionally lower the average statistic for Wales, qui HAS year overall economically active population of 75% and 2.2% claiming Jobseeker’s Allowance. [5]It is Anticipated thesis centers will Provided The Necessary Opportunities for Employment through New Developments Appropriate scale one year to nurture thesis centers to Enhance Their vitality and viability as economic generators Within Torfaen in a holistic approach, as Many different aspects-have-been taken into account.

Social Sustainability

Social Sustainability encompasses All That is viewed to-have significant human importance, whether this is through human rights , education or healthcare , it shoulds Ensure Everyone Has an Improved standard of living . [6] In addition, it incorporates the principles of well-being , which are viewed as a very current subject. Well-being having some state of happiness, satisfaction, enjoyment, contentment and fulfillment (Halworth J, and Hart G, 2007). [7]

Education in Torfaen

A residents‘ survey conducted in 2015 highlighted the role of teaching and communicating between the schools and parents / guardians. [8] To improve these problems, it is proposed to increase pupil growth, and £ 31,000 for school transportation to improve school attainment and reduce absences. [9] It is Hoped thesis investments will Improve the percentage of pupils Who accounting achieve five or more GCSE A * -G grades from the 2008 level of 86.8% for Torfaen, and 76.6% for the percentage of pupils with two or more A Level AC grade. [10] However, despite these improvements, Torfaen is achieving higher than the national average for GCSE and A grade grades, which is at 85.7% for GCSE’s achieved and 67.5% for A Levels achieved.

Healthcare in Torfaen

Healthcare within Torfaen is maintained through the Aneurin Bevan Local Health Board . [11] Currently, Torfaen has three General Practices available for user service. These, along with many dentists, pharmacies and optometric services are in use to the residents of Torfaen. This HAS maintained the standard of health in Torfaen at a reasonable standard, with 75.8% of people being white in very good / good overall health as of 2015. [12] Subsequently, this Enables the healthy working age people to stay in work and to contribuer the local economy, which could not be more easily maintained than was kept at a high enough standard.

Environmental Sustainability

Environmental Sustainability ensures that the environment will not be affected by future generations, through the maintenance of the surroundings. The Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI) outlines the ability of nations to protect the environment for future generations. The ESI from 2005 contains 76 variables which are split into 21 indicators for environmental sustainability, such as water consumption, air pollution and regional ozone. [13]

The main tagline for Torfaen’s sustainability projects is „changing by degrees“. This means they will alter the world of sustainability. [14] The index shows how sustainable people are, how happy and healthy they are. The website goes on to explain the environment and the environment. It also explains the ecological foot print of Torfaen in general, showing how many earths per person, it is necessary to have 2.8 earths to support it all. [15]

The aims of the councils

– A social process that recognizes the needs of everyone

– Effective protection of the environment

– Prudent use of natural resources

– Maintenance of high economic growth and employment

Nest wales is a flagship scheme against fuel poverty, which can not be avoided. It was first established in 2011, over 85,000 homes receiving 23,000 receiving home improvement packages. Nest is administered by British gas , also assisted by the energy saving trust. [16]

Sustainability Policies

The Local Development Plan (LDP)

The Local Development Plan (LDP) Community Strategy Objectives, contained in the Torfaen Community Strategy Borough presently. [17] In 2008, Torfaen County Borough Council presented the Preferred Strategy Papers for the Local Development Plan (LDP) 2006 – 2021. The Government of Wales Act 1998 [18] was an act to promote sustainable development after the formation of the National Assembly for Wales in the previous year. This was then adopted in 2004, through the Assembly’s Sustainable Development Scheme,Starting to Live Differently. This plan that Torfaen County Council has presented is in cohesion with this act. Strategic Policy (SP) which includes sections for economic, environmental and social sustainability following the Preferred Strategy. [19] This includes:

SP1 . Sustainable Development – sustainable development of sustainable development and use of sustainable development.

SP2 . Climate Change – all developments will be designed to promote sustainable transportation choices, sustainable design and sustainable energy use.

SP3 . Place-making / Good Design – local natural and built environment must have full look for new development. Location and layout that echoes sustainable transport and sustainable construction practices.

SP4 . Housing – development of 7000 dwellings in Torfaen, including 900 in North Torfaen, 2800 in Pontypool and Cwmbran will have 3300. This is also in conjunction with SP5 .

SP5 . Affordable Housing – Affordable Housing.

SP6 . Employment and Economy – 60% of land will be used for employment and business purposes and will be enhanced and protected. Providing business and local employment opportunities in the city center.

SP7 . Mineral Safeguarding – any economic mineral resource qui Acknowledged as being white has-been required to meet a national or South East Wales regional need will be protected Provided the effects of mining are Potentially suitable.

SP8 . Waste Management – sites will be identified for waste management facilities on a regional and local level.

SP9 . Environmental Protection Policy – development proposals shall protect and enhance the following; identified special landscape areas, water environment and the integrity of the Blaenavon World Heritage Site .

SP10 . Community Infrastructure – necessary infrastructure will be sought to secure new development and may include; open spaces, play spaces and recreation facilities; and renewable energy.

SP11 . Transport – sustainable transport will be promoted through public transport, walking, and cycling provision. Also, Pontypool / New Inn railway station.

SP12 . Retailing / Town Centers – local shopping centers in Pontypool, Cwmbran and Blaenavon will be protected and provide services to the local community.

SP13 . Health and Education – Suitable sites for the potential relocation of Coleg Gwent , Pontypool, and the development of a local general hospital to serve Torfean will be.

References

  1. Jump up^ „Torfaen Town Profiles | Torfaen County Borough Council“ . www.torfaen.gov.uk . 2017 . Retrieved 2017-03-18 .
  2. Jump up^ „Torfaen Town Profiles | Torfaen County Borough Council“ . www.torfaen.gov.uk . 2017 . Retrieved 2017-03-31 .
  3. Jump up^ Woods, Michael (2011). Rural . Oxon: Routledge.
  4. Jump up^ „Environment vs economy“ . www.coolgeography.co.uk . Retrieved 2017-04-02 .
  5. Jump up^ National Assembly for Wales (2008). „Key Statistics for Torfaen“ (PDF) . Retrieved 2017-03-24 .
  6. Jump up^ „Greenfieldgeography – Sustainability and the environment“ . greenfieldgeography.wikispaces.com . Retrieved 2017-04-02 .
  7. Jump up^ Haworth, J and Hart, G (2007). Well-Being: Individual, Community and Social Perspectives . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  8. Jump up^ Torfaen County Borough Council (2017). „Our Well-Being Statement for the Financial Year 2017/18“ (PDF) . Retrieved 2017-03-26 .
  9. Jump up^ Torfaen County Borough Council (2017). „Our Well-Being Statement for the Financial Year 2017/18“ (PDF) . Retrieved 2017-03-26 .
  10. Jump up^ National Assembly for Wales (2008). „Key Statistics for Torfaen“ (PDF) . Retrieved 2017-03-24 .
  11. Jump up^ „Wellbeing | Torfaen County Borough Council“ . www.torfaen.gov.uk . Retrieved 2017-03-29 .
  12. Jump up^ Torfaen Local Service Board (2015). „Torfaen“ (PDF) . Retrieved 2017-03-28 .
  13. Jump up^ Saisana, Michaela (2014-01-01). Michalos, Alex C., ed. Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research . Springer Netherlands. pp. 1926-1931. doi : 10.1007 / 978-94-007-0753-5_899 . ISBN  9789400707528 .
  14. Jump up^ „Torfaen Sustainability | Torfaen County Borough Council“ . www.torfaen.gov.uk . Retrieved 2017-03-25 .
  15. Jump up^ „Torfaen Sustainability | Torfaen County Borough Council“ . www.torfaen.gov.uk . Retrieved 2017-03-25 .
  16. Jump up^ „Welcome to Nest | Nest“ . www.nestwales.org.uk . Retrieved 2017-03-28 .
  17. Jump up^ Torfaen County Borough Council (2013). „Local Development Plan (to 2021)“ (PDF) . Retrieved 2017-03-26 .
  18. Jump up^ „Government of Wales Act 1998“ . www.legislation.gov.uk . Retrieved 2017-03-17 .
  19. Jump up^ Torfaen County Borough Council (2008). „Local Development Plan 2006-2021“ (PDF) . Retrieved 2017-03-31 .