Factor Ten is a social and economic policy program developed by the Factor Ten with 30 percent of the world. [1]


Friedrich Schmidt-Bleek, from the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy , first introduced the Factor 10 and Dematerialization Concepts in the early 1990s. He concluded in his studies that 80% of the world’s resources are distributed among First World nations, which contribute to 20% of the global population, so those nations are prompting an unsustainable system of development. The goal of Factor 10 is to assure That nations do not Exceed the planet’s carrying capacity purpose leave Sufficient resources for future generations. [2]

Factor 4

Factor 10 evolved from the less dramatic Factor 4 was originally proposed by L. Hunter Lovins and Amory Lovins of the Rocky Mountain Institute and Ernst von Weizsäcker , the founder of the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment & Energy. Their book Factor 4 explains how easy it is to achieve Factor 4 results with existing technologies. The concept attempts to reduce resource and energy use by 75% by doubling output and halving input of production.


Factor 10 requires the creation of new technologies, policies, and manufacturing processes along with sociocultural exchange to create a global economy that is sustainable for a long period of time. The long-term goal of Factor 10, gouvernements Many firms and aspiring shortIterm Toward Achieving the raised-have difficulty massive reductions Proposed by factor 10. Eco-efficiency , environmental purchasing design for environment, policies and environmental taxes -have-been already used by business and gouvernements implementing the Factor 10 theory. [3]

Factor 10 goes farther as a response to the United Nations Environment Program call for a tenfold reduction in resource consumption in industrialized countries as necessary for the needs of the developing countries . [4] With the predicted rise in population and economic growth to maintain the level of pollution we have today, we need to be able to produce the same output for 10% of the impact.

Factor X concept is the direct way of using metric and other activities The essential question is by what factor can or should be reduced. It is a useful tool to monitor the performance of business in terms of dematerialization . [5]


  1. Jump up^ „Factor 10 Institute“ . Factor 10 Institute . Retrieved 2014-06-21 .
  2. Jump up^ „Factor 10: Dictionary of Sustainable Management“ . Sustainabilitydictionary.com. 1999-02-22 . Retrieved 2014-06-21 .
  3. Jump up^ „Sustainability Concepts: Factor 10“ . Gdrc.org . Retrieved 2014-06-21 .
  4. Jump up^ UNEP, Global Environmental Outlook 2000, 1999.
  5. Jump up^ Robert, KH, Schmidt-Bleek, B., et al. (2002). „Strategic sustainable development, selection, design and synergies of applied tools.“ Journal of Cleaner Production .