The Stockholm Memorandum is a document signed in May 2011 by many Nobel Laureates based on the verdict of the triumph of humanity, which opened the 3rd Nobel Laureate Symposium. [1] [2] The jury of Nobel laureates concluded that the Earth has entered a new geological age, which it calls the Anthropocene, in which humans are the most significant driver of global climate change , and in which human collective actions could have abrupt irreversible consequences for human communities and ecological systems . [3] The memorandum [4] was signed by 20 winner of the Nobel Prize winners or theSveriges Riksbank Prize for Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel (six in Chemistry, five in Physics, three in Physiology or Medicine, one in Literature, one Peace Prize winner and four in Economic Sciences) submitted to the United Nations High Level Panel global sustainability.

„We are the first generation with the insight of the new global risks facing humanity, that people and societies are the biggest drivers of global change.“ The basic analysis is not in question: we can not continue “ Professor Mario Molina , who acted as judge and received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1995.

Conclusions

Key conclusion of the Stockholm Memorandum include:

  • that environmental sustainability is a precondition for poverty eradication, economic development, and social justice;
  • that achieving the Millennium Development Goals is a top priority, since almost a third of the world scrapes by $ less than $ 2 per day;
  • that the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is insufficient and an economic indicator and that, therefore, new human welfare indicators must be developed;
  • that global warming must be kept below 2 degrees Celsius, which, in turn, requires a global carbon dioxide emissions peak no later than 2015;
  • that a new agricultural revolution must be fostered. [5]

References

  1. Jump up^ „Stockholm memorandum: tipping the scales towards sustainability“ . Ambio . 40 : 781-5. 2011. doi : 10.1007 / s13280-011-0187-8 . PMC  3357746  . PMID  22338715 .
  2. Jump up^ „The Stockholm Memorandum Tipping the Scales towards Sustainability; 3rd Nobel Laureate Symposium on Global Sustainability“ (PDF) . nobel-cause.de . Nobel Cause Symposium. May 18, 2011 . Retrieved September 12, 2016 . Peter Agre , Nadine Gordimer , Yuan T. Lee , Elinor Ostrom , Werner Arber , David Gross , James Mirrlees , Carlo Rubbia , Paul Crutzen , Mario J. Molina , Amartya Sen , Peter Doherty (scientist), Walter Kohn , Douglass North , John Sulston , Murray Gell-Mann , Harold Kroto , Douglas Osheroff , Muhammad Yunus
  3. Jump up^ 3rd Nobel Laureate Symposium on Sustainability, „Transforming the World in an Era of Global Change,“ 16-19 May 2011,http://globalsymposium2011.org/
  4. Jump up^ Stockholm Memorandum, „Tipping the Scales Toward Sustainability,“ 18 May 2011,pdf
  5. Jump up^ Stockholm Resilience Center,Stockholm University, May 31, 2011,http://www.stockholmresilience.org/newsandvideos/generalnews/thestockholmmemorandum.5.4bb0052912fd16044aa800011821.html