Eco-Kashrut , also called the Eco-Kosher Movement, is a movement to extend the Kashrut system, or Jewish dietary laws, to address modern environmental, social, and ethical issues, and promote sustainability . [1]

Begun in the 1970s among American Reconstructionist Jews , eco-kashrut or eco-kosher approaches to resurgence in the 1990s Reconstructionist rabbi, author, and activist Arthur Waskow . A third wave of the eco-kashrut or eco-kosher movement began in the mid-2000s, spurred on by a series of kosher production facility scandals. [2]

History

Rabbi Zalman Schachter-Shalomi , founder of the Jewish Renewal Movement , is credited with coining and developing eco-kashrut in the late 1970s. [3] He articulated eco-kashrut as an evolving set of practices that extend beyond traditional kashrut by taking the human and environmental costs of food production and consumption when deciding what to eat or not eat. [3] [4] [5]

Contemporary movement

Kosher-keeping Jews who have been living in a state of poverty, and that they are more often than not, and ideally, locally sourced. [6] Eco-Kashrut also finds expression in the sharing of sustainable shabbat meals. [7]

Eco-Kashrut is connected with Magen Tzedek („Shield of Justice“), an additional certification for food advocates by the Rabbinical Assembly, and others in the conservative movement of health and safety issues, and other labor issues in food production. [6] Amid opposition from the Orthodox movement , no products have been certified to carry the seal of August 2017. [8] [9]

See also

  • Kashrut
  • Judaism and environmentalism
  • Jewish vegetarianism
  • Ecotheology
  • Hazon

References

  1. Jump up^ Arthur O. Waskow, „Eco-Kashrut: Environmental Standards for What and How We Eat,“ MyJewishLearning , Originally Published in the Jerusalem Report .
  2. Jump up^ Katz, Emily Alice (2011). „Ecokosher“. In Adele Berlin; Maxine Grossman. Oxford Dictinoary of Jewish Religion (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN  9780199759279 . OCLC  714892003 .
  3. ^ Jump up to:b Kaplan, Dana Evan (2009). „Chapter 2: The Reengagement with Spirituality“. Contemporary American Judaism: Transformation and Renewal . New York: Columbia University Press. pp. 57-106. OCLC  620044421 .
  4. Jump up^ Posen, Marie-Josee (Winter 2006). „Beyond New Age: Jewish Renewal’s Reconstruction of Theological Meaning in the Teachings of Rabbi Z. Schachter-Shalomi“. Jewish Culture and History . 8 (3): 87-112. doi : 10.1080 / 1462169X.2006.10512059 .
  5. Jump up^ Schachter-Shalomi, Zalman (2005). Jewish With Feeling: A Guide to Meaningful Jewish Practice . With Joel Segel. New York: Riverhead Books. OCLC  55886356 .
  6. ^ Jump up to:b „Eco-Kosher“ Schott’s Vocab, New York Times, May 14, 2009.
  7. Jump up^ „‚Eco-kosher‘ Jews have an appetite for ethical eating, LA Times , May 8, 2009.
  8. Jump up^ „For Customers“ . Magen Tzedek . Retrieved 27 August 2017 .
  9. Jump up^ Berkman, Seth (May 20, 2013). „Magen Tzedek, Ethical Seal Kosher, Stalled Amid Orthodox Opposition“ . The Forward . Retrieved 27 August 2017 .