Environmental managers are Involved in processes That seek to control Some environmental entities in orientation to a plane or idea. Such control is possible, however, is contested. Templates for environmental managers ranks from corporate officers (corporate environmental managers) via managers of a nature reserve , to environmental and resource planning officers aim analytically seen, aussi Involve indigenous environmental managers, farmers [1] or environmental activists . In many accounts, hopeis held that environmental managers implement large plans or political programs. For example, specific schools of thought like ecological modernization goal aussi Widespread designs of environmental management and environmental activism presupposes human agents Who-have ideas, make shots and committed in action oriented at the Plans‘ implementation. [2] At the heart of the concept of environmental managers is, thus, a pragmatic [3] and rational actor who optimizes environments in orientation to some aim. Critical academics point out that the very idea that such managers exist and are imagined as capable of managing may well be flawed. [4]

Corporate environmental managers

Steve Fineman studied UK managers and their „green“ selves and roles „in the last decade, suggesting that while environmental problems can be recognized, production is seen as legitimizing pollution . [5] Optimistic accounts see managers as stewards of environmental ethics. [6] Literature differentiates different styles by managers to engage with the environment. [7] Critics suggest that corporate environmental managers are systematically in a position of conflicting position in which they are presumed to be committed to competing normative orientations (eg, profits versus environmental protection measures which do not pay off).[8]

State environmental managers

State institutions can manage directly through their staff. [9] And state institutions can use civilian agents on their behalf. Templates for the lathing are farmers [10] Who are to Implement environmental regulation, citoyens subject to eg recycling legislation or independent Auditors Who wears laws have standards . Military agents can also act as environmental managers insofar as their action is planned in some areas (eg the burning of a forest , the destruction of streets or managing an open landscape for military training), trying to achieve military aims.

Scientists as environmental managers

A variety of scientists are directly involved in environmental management. Cases of ecologists acting as managers of ecosystems [11] are known.

Study of environmental managers

In the field of environmental management , until now, [12] For the realm of environmental management addressed by ecological modernization, such agents can be termed agents of ecological modernization . [13]

The very notion That humans May be reliable to manage environments is criticised for being white top down , anthropocentric and short-sighted. [14]

Studies of the work reality of environmental management are rarely classified as such. Studying the work of These Reality That It indicates managers shoulds be better conceptualised’ve Situated Action (for example by drawing it ethnomethodological studies of work practice ) Rather than rational actions . [15] Thus, when attending to managers‘ practices, the concept of environmental management can be reconceptualized as a prescription . In the latter case, the latter is often mistaken for a description .

See also

  • Environmental activist
  • Chief sustainability officer
  • Rational planning model

References

  1. Jump up^ Mr. Kaljonen. Co-construction of agency and environmental management. the case of agri-environmental policy implementation at finnish farms. Journal of Rural Studies, 22 (2): 205-216, 2006.
  2. Jump up^ Lippert, I. 2010, „Agents of Ecological Modernization Archived2012-02-14 at theWayback Machine.“, Lübeck, DAV,ISBN 978-3-86247-062-4.
  3. Jump up^ P. Prasad and M. Elmes. In the name of the practical: Unearthing the hegemony of pragmatics in the discourse of environmental management. Journal of Management Studies, 42 (4): 845-867, 2005.
  4. Jump up^ D. Levy. Environmental Management as Political Sustainability. Organization & Environment, 10 (2): 126-147, 1997.
  5. Jump up^ S. Fineman. Constructing the green manager. British Journal of Management, 8: 31-38, 1997.
  6. Jump up^ W. Brown and N. Karagozoglu. Current practices in environmental management. Business Horizons, 41 (4): 12-18, Jul-Aug. 1998.
  7. Jump up^ N. Gunningham, R. Kagan, and D. Thornton. Shades of green: business, regulation, and environment. Stanford University Press, Stanford, 2003.
  8. Jump up^ I. Lippert. Disposed to unsustainability? ecological modernization as a techno-science enterprise with conflicting normative orientations. In A. Bammé, G. Getzinger, and B. Wieser, editors, Yearbook 2009 of the Institute for Advanced Studies on Science, Technology and Society, pp. 275-290. Profile, München, 2010.
  9. Jump up^ K. Asdal. Enacting things through numbers: Taking nature into account / ing. Geoforum, 39 (1): 123-132, 2008.
  10. Jump up^ Mr. Kaljonen. Co-construction of agency and environmental management. the case of agri-environmental policy implementation at finnish farms. Journal of Rural Studies, 22 (2): 205-216, 2006.
  11. Jump up^ L. Asplen. Going with the flow: Living the mangle through environmental management practice. In A. Pickering and K. Guzik, editors, The Mangle in Practice: Science, Society, and Becoming, Science and Cultural Theory, pp. 163-184. Duke University Press Books, Durham and London, 2008.
  12. Jump up^ Lippert, I. 2010, „Agents of Ecological Modernization Archived2012-02-14 at theWayback Machine.“, Lübeck, DAV,ISBN 978-3-86247-062-4.
  13. Jump up^ Lippert, I. 2010, „Agents of Ecological Modernization Archived2012-02-14 at theWayback Machine.“, Lübeck, DAV,ISBN 978-3-86247-062-4.
  14. Jump up^ D. Bavington. Managerial ecology and its discontents: Exploring the complexities of control and coping in resource and environmental management. Environments – A Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 30 (3): 3-22, 2002. and R. Bryant and G. Wilson. Rethinking environmental management. Progress in Human Geography, 22 (3): 321-343, Sep 1998.
  15. Jump up^ I. Lippert. Extended carbon cognition as a machine. Computational Culture, 1 (1), 2011.