“ Ecotourism with a Hand Lens “ is a term coined by Dr. Ricardo Rozzi [1] and his colleagues to the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve. Mosses, lichens and liverworts (5% of the world’s total), Rozzi has set the scene for this non-vascular site. flora. [2]

In turn, Rozzi and the Omora Ethnobotanical Park have metaphorically called these small plant communities „Miniature Forests of Cape Horn“to help the broader society understand the role played by these tiny, but diverse, abundant and important organisms. In the Magellanic Subantarctic ecoregion, the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve and the Chilean Antarctic Peninsula, the number of foreigners has doubled in the last decade, with nature tourism being the main attraction for visitors to the region. Sub-Antarctic Biocultural Conservation Program at the Omora Ethnobotanical Park, in collaboration with local actors, has developed the field of environmental protection methodological approach. . [3]

Field environmental philosophy methodology integrates ecological sciences and environmental ethics through a four-step cycle of (i) interdisciplinary ecological and philosophical research; (ii) composition of metaphors and communication of simple narratives; (iii) design of field activities guided by an ecological and an ethical orientation; and (iv) implementation of in situ conservation areas. Under the perspective of the field of ecotourism, we have an ecotourism as „an invitation to have a tour of the world and the oikos of the various human and nonhuman inhabitants, their clothes and habitats.“ [4]This methodological approach is implemented with the activity of „ecotourism with a hand-lens“ at Omora Park. „Ecotourism with a hand-lens“ aims to demonstrate that when planned and managed, ecotourism can contribute to biocultural conservation in environmental, economic, and social sustainability. [5]

„Nature and culture“ by Bron Taylor in his book Dark Green Religion . 


  1. Jump up^ Rozzi, R., Armesto J., Goffinet B., Buck W., Massardo F., Silander J., Jr., Arroyo MTK, Russell S., Anderson CB, Cavieres L. & JB Callicott (2008) . Changing biodiversity conservation lenses: Insights from the sub-acute non-vascular flora of southern South America. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6: 131-137
  2. Jump up^ Hargrove, E., MTK Arroyo, PH Raven, and H. Mooney. 2008. Omora Ethnobotanical Park and the UNESCO Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve. Ecology and Society 13 (2): 49. [online] URL:http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol13/iss2/art49/
  3. Jump up^ Ricardo Rozzi, Ximena Arango, Francisca Massardo, Christopher Anderson, Kurt Heidinger, Kelli Moses. 2008. Field Environmental Philosophy and Biocultural Conservation: The Omora Ethnobotanical Park Educational Program. Environmental Ethics 30 (3): 325-336. [online] URL:http://www.secure.pdcnet.org/enviroethics/content/enviroethics_2008_0030_0003_0325_0336
  4. Jump up^ Rozzi, RJJ Armesto, J. Gutierrez, F.Massardo, G. Likens et al. 2012. Integrating Ecology and Environmental Ethics: Earth Stewardship in the Southern End of the Americas. BioScience 62 (3): 226-236
  5. Jump up^ Galapagos and Cape Horn: Ecotourism or Greenwashing in Two Emblematic Latin American Archipelagoes? Ricardo Rozzi, Francisca Massardo, Felipe Cruz, Christopher Grenier, Andrea Muñoz & Eduard Mueller. 2010. Environmental Philosophy 7 (2): 1-32 (Special Issue on Ecotourism and Environmental Justice)http://secure.pdcnet.org/envirophil/content/envirophil_2010_0007_0002_0001_0032
  6. Jump up^ Taylor, Bron. 2010.Dark Green Religion: Nature Spirituality and the Planetary Future. University of California Press, 171-73. ISBN 978-0-520-26100-6