Sustainable land management (SLM [1] ) refers to practices and technologies that support the management of land , water , biodiversity , and other environmental resources to meet the needs of sustainable development of ecosystem services and livelihoods. The term sustainable land management is used, for example, in regional planning and soil or environmental protection , as well as in property management.


The World Bank defines sustainable land management as a process of environmental protection and the guarantee of ecosystem services on the one hand. On the other hand, it is about productivity of agriculture and forestrywith respect to demographic growth and increasing pressure in land use .

SLM is defined as a knowledge-based procedure that helps integrate land, water, biodiversity, and environmental management (including input and output externalities) to meet growing food and fiber demand while sustaining ecosystem services and livelihoods. SLM is necessary to meet the requirements of a growing population. Improper land management can lead to land degradation and a significant reduction in the productive and service (biodiversity niches, hydrology , carbon sequestration ) functions of watersheds and landscapes. “ [1]

-  The World Bank

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) applies the term in a much wider context. Besides mining and mining, they include the mining sector, property and estate management.

Land management is the process by which the resources of the country are put to good effect. It covers all the activities concerned with the management of the environment and from an economic perspective. It can include farming, mineral extraction, property and estate management, and the physical planning of towns and the countryside. [2]

In the race of national politics and programs, few European states use the terminology „sustainable land management“. Here Australia and New Zealand are committed to achieving sustainable development and sustainable development. [3]

In the European context, the definition of the European Network for Land Use Management for Sustainable European Cities (LUMASEC) [4] can be used as a reference. It emphasizes the interdisciplinary cooperation on sustainable land management:

As management is the human activity, the role of the person in the field of management . Resources of land are used for different purposes, which can produce conflicts and competitions, and Policy-making, decision-making, budgeting, implementation of plans and decisions-making monitoring of results and evaluation of impacts. [5]

Research examples

Since 2010, the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) funds an international research program on „sustainable land management“. [6] Module A of the program investigates interactions between land management, climate change , and ecosystem services. [7] It includes projects operating in South America , Africa , Europe, Central Asia , and South Asia . Module B seeks „innovative systems solutions“ in 13 projects with a Central European focus.

Furthermore, the Economics of Land Degradation (ELD) Initiative seeks to establish a cost-benefit analysis of sustainable development. This economic analysis will enable decision makers to take Appropriate Measures fight land degradation globally. In addition, the Initiative supports regional case studies focusing on Africa and Central Asia .

See also

  • Holistic management
  • permaculture


  1. ^ Jump up to:b The World Bank (2006): Sustainable Land Management. Challenges, Opportunities, and Trade-offs. Washington, DC
  2. Jump up^ „Land Administration Guideline with Special Reference to Countries in Transition“ (PDF) . UN Economic Commission for Europe, Geneva, ECE / HBP / 96. 1996.
  3. Jump up^ vgl. Australian Government – Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities
  4. Jump up^
  5. Jump up^ Didier Vancutsem (LEAD Expert): 2008 Land Use Management for Sustainable European Cities
  6. Jump up^ Weith, T., Schulz, K., Gaasch, N., Seppelt, R., Werntze, A., Eppink, F. (2010): Towards Integration: Sustainable Land Management. A new German Research Funding Measure
  7. Jump up^ Seppelt, R., Dormann, C., Eppink, FV, Lautenbach, S., Schmidt, S. (2011): A quantitative review of ecosystem studies: Approaches, shortcomings and the road ahead, Journal of Applied Ecology