Sustainable event management (also known as “ greening event“ ) is the process used to produce an event with particular concern for environmental, economic and social issues. Sustainability in event management incorporates socially and environmentally responsibledecision making in the planning, organization and implementation, and participation in, an event. It involves sustainable development and practices in all levels of event organization, and aims to ensure that an event is hosted responsibly. It represents the total package of interventions at an event, and needs to be done in an integrated manner. Event greening should start at the inception of the project, and should involve all the key role players, such as customers, organizers, comers, sub-contractors and suppliers.


The first time that environmental issues were raised by Albertville Winter Olympics in France, which led to the first ‚green Games‘ in Lillehammer, Norway , in 1994. The Lillehammer Olympic Organizing Committee received the UNEP Global 500 Award for which were absent from previous Olympic games.

The Centennial Olympic Congress, Congress of Unity, held in Paris in 1994, recognizing the importance of the environment and sustainable development, which led to the inclusion of the Olympic Charter. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has the responsibility to promote sustainable development, and to view the environment as the third dimension of Olympism, alongside sport and culture. This decision was made in 1995 to create an IOC Sport and Environment Commission . [1]

Environmental Guidelines for the Summer Olympics have been developed to facilitate the development of the environment. The Guidelines were successfully used in the Sydney Olympic Games 2000. As a result, the organizers of the Sydney Games were honored with the Global 500 Award in 2001 for organizing the greenest games ever. Since then, other major sports events have also considered their environmental impact.

A major aspect of UNEP’s work is with the IOC. A cooperative agreement was signed in 1994 with IOC and an Agenda 21 for Sport and Environment developed. Since 2002, UNEP has participated in a task force of the UN Secretary-General for the United Nations Development Goals. UNEP also supports the IOC in organizing world conferences and regional seminars on sport and the environment. [2]

During the 2006 FIFA World Cup ™ in Germany, Green Goal was launched, which was also implemented in South Africa for the 2010 FIFA World Cup ™. The Host City Cape Town Green Goal program had been awarded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) Sport and Environment Award. Nominated by FIFA , the award recognizes the efforts of the Host City Cape Town to mitigate negative environmental impacts of the FIFA World Cup and to maximize a positive environmental and social legacy. [3]

The World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), Johannesburg 2002, and UNFCCC 15th Conference of the Parties (COP15) held in Copenhagen in 2010.

Monitoring and evaluation

Monitoring and evaluation is an essential component of event greening, and should be used to make continuous improvement. A detailed outline of the event – before, during, and after the event. This paper is available to understand the effects of greening interventions, as well as the potential improvements to future event-greening initiatives.

With international reporting initiatives, which complies with international standards, such as the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI). [4] The GRI Event Organizers Supplement provides organizations in the sector with a tailored version of GRI’s Reporting Guidelines. It includes the original Guidelines, which set out the Reporting Principles, Disclosures on Management Approach and Performance Indicators for economic, environmental and social issues. The Event Organizers Supplementary issues

  • Site selection
  • Transport of awaitees
  • Recruiting and training of the event workforce, participants and volunteers
  • Sourcing of materials, supplies and services
  • Managing impacts on communities, natural environments, and local and global economies.
  • Planning and managing potential legacies
  • Accessibility of an event

The British Standard ( BS 8901 ) has been developed specifically for the purpose of a more sustainable manner. The standard defines the requirements for a sustainability event management system to ensure an enduring and balanced approach to economic activity, environmental responsibility and social progress related to events.

It requires organizations to identify and understand the effects of their activities on the environment, on society and on the economy both within the organization and the wider economy; and put measures in place to minimize the negative effects. These standards will be replaced by the International Standard ( ISO 20121 ) for Sustainability Management Systems.


  1. Jump up^ International Olympic Committee, Sport and Environment Commission,
  2. Jump up^ UNEP, Sport and Environment,
  3. Jump up^ City of Cape Town Green Goal Program
  4. Jump up^