Sustainable consumption (SC) shares a number of common features and is closely linked to sustainable production and sustainable development . Sustainable consumption as share of sustainable development is a prerequisite in the worldwide struggle contre sustainability challenges Such As climate change , famine or environmental pollution .

Sustainable development and sustainable development rely on

  • Effective use of resources, and minimization of waste and pollution
  • Use of renewable resources within their capacity for renewal
  • Fuller product life-cycles
  • Intergenerational and intragenerational equity

The Oslo definition

The definition proposed by the 1994 Oslo Symposium on Sustainable Consumption defines the use of services and related products, and provides a better understanding of the environment. and pollutants over the life cycle of the service or product so as to not jeopardize the needs of future generations. “ [1]

Strong and weak sustainable consumption

In order to achieve sustainable consumption, it is necessary to increase the consumption rate and to increase the consumption rate. The first prerequisite is not sufficient on its own and can be named weak sustainable consumption. Here, the improvements and eco-efficiency support a necessary reduction in resource consumption . Once this has been set, the second prerequisite, the change in patterns and reduction of levels of consumption is indispensable. Strong sustainable consumption also pays attention to the social dimension of well-being and the need for change. [2]In order to achieve sustainable growth, changes in infrastructure and choices are required. In the political arena, the weak sustainable consumption has been determined by all debates. [3]

The so-called attitude-behavior or values-action gap describes a significant obstacle to changes in individual customer behavior. Many consumers are well aware of the importance of their choices and choices, however, they are more likely to be involved in their behavior than others. psychological factors. Young et al. A lack of time for research, a lack of information and a cognitive effort. [4]

Notable conferences and programs

  • 1992 – At the United Nations Conference on the Environment and Development (UNCED) Agenda 21. [5]
  • 1994 – Sustainable Consumption Symposium in Oslo
  • 1995 – UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) on the UN Guidelines on Consumer Protection.
  • 1997 – A major report on SC was produced by the OECD. [6]
  • 1998 – United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) started at SC Human Development Report of the UN Development Program (UNDP). [7]
  • 2002 – A ten-year program on Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) was created in the Plan of Implementation at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg. [8]
  • 2003 – The „Marrakech Process“ was developed by co-ordination of a series of meetings and other „multi-stakeholder“ processes by UNEP and UNDESA following the WSSD. [9]

See also

  • Collaborative consumption


  1. Jump up^ Source: Norwegian Ministry of the Environment (1994) Oslo Roundtable on Sustainable Production and Consumption.
  2. Jump up^ Lorek, Sylvia; Fuchs, Doris (2013). „Strong Sustainable Consumption Governance – Precondition for a Degrowth Path?“. Journal of Cleaner Production . 38 : 36-43. doi : 10.1016 / j.jclepro.2011.08.008 .
  3. Jump up^ Fuchs, Doris; Lorek, Sylvia (2005). „Sustainable Consumption Governance: A History of Promises and Failures“. Journal of Consumer Policy . 28 : 261-288. doi : 10.1007 / s10603-005-8490-z .
  4. Jump up^ Young, William (2010). „Sustainable Consumption: Green Consumer Behavior When Purchasing Products“. Sustainable Development (18): 20-31.
  5. Jump up^ United Nations. „Agenda 21“ (PDF) .
  6. Jump up^ Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (1997)Sustainable Consumption and Production, Paris: OECD.
  7. Jump up^ United Nations Development Program (UNDP) (1998)Human Development Report, New York: UNDP.
  8. Jump up^ United Nations (UN) (2002) Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development. InReport of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, UN Document A / CONF.199 / 20 *, New York: UN.
  9. Jump up^ United Nations Department of Social and Economic Affairs (2010) Paving the Way to Sustainable Consumption and Production. InMarrakesh Process Progress Report including Elements for a 10-Year Framework of Programs on Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP). [online] Available at:[Accessed: 6/11 / 2011].