Zero population growth

Zero population growth , sometimes abbreviated ZPG (also called Expired the replacement level of fertility ), [1] is a requirement of demographic balance Where the number of people in a specified population Neither grows nor Declines , regarded as a social aim by some. [2] According to some, zero population growth, perhaps after stabilizing at some optimum population , is the ideal towards which countries and the world should aspire in the …

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Population momentum

Population momentum is the proportion between the size of a stable (unchanging) population to the total size of the initial population that experiences a drastic shift in fertility to replacement rate (2.1 children per woman). [1]Demographers refer to population momentum as the size of the resulting population-equivalent population relative to the current size of the population.

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Population ethics

Population ethics is the philosophical study of the ethical problems concerning populations . It is also sometimes called population axiology , which is „the theory of the state of affairs is better than another, where the states of affairs may differ over the number of people who ever live „. [1] It is possible to affect individual persons but instead to replace one group of people with another. Such problems …

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Population Control: Real Costs, Illusory Benefits

Population Control: Real Costs, Illusory Benefits is a nonfiction book by Steven W. Mosher , first published in 2008. „Population Control“ is a detailed exhibition on the global effort to combat overpopulation , arguing that it is not only in many cases , and that overpopulation is a myth. Mosher was first exposed to population control policies when he visited …

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Physiological density

The physiological density or real population density is the number of people per unit area of arable land . [1] A higher physiological density suggests that it is possible to use a lower bound to have a lower physiological density. Population density is a measure of the number of people in an area. It is an average number. Population density is calculated by dividing the number …

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Malthusianism is the idea That population growth is exponential Potentially while the growth of the food supply is arithmetical at best. It derives from the political / economic thought of the Reverend Thomas Robert Malthus , as laid out in his 1798 writings, An Essay on the Principle of Population , Malthus believed there were two types of „checks“ that in all times and places …

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List of organizations campaigning for population stabilization

Africa All countries – Forum of African and Arab Parliamentarians on Population and Development All countries – PACCAF Ethiopia – PHE (Population Health Environment Program) Kenya – African Institute for Development Policy Kenya – Kenya Young Greens Madagascar – Blue Ventures Uganda – Conservation Through Public Health (Population Health Environment Program)

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IAP statement on population growth

The InterAcademy Panel Statement on Population Growth is an international scientist consensus document that discusses the issue of population growth . This is the first global joint statement of academies of science , and their cooperative InterAcademy Panel on International Issues . It was signed by 58 member academies and began as follows.

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Human impact on the environment

Human impact on the environment or anthropogenic impact on the environment includes exchange to biophysical environments [1] and ecosystems , biodiversity , and natural resources [2] [3] Caused Directly or Indirectly by humans, Including global warming , [1] [4] environmental degradation [1] (Such as ocean acidification [1] [5] ), mass extinction and biodiversity loss , [6] [7] [8] [9] ecological crises , andecological collapse . Modifying the environment to the needs of society is causing bad effects, which is becoming worse as the problem of human overpopulation continues. [10] Some human activities that cause damage (or …

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Food Race

American environmental author Daniel Quinn coined the term Food Race (by analogy to the Cold War ’s “ nuclear arms race „) to describe an understanding of the current overpopulation emergency as a perpetually escalating crisis between growing human population and growing food production, fueled by the latter. Quinn argues that the world population increases. However, assuming that population increases according to increased food availability, Quinn argues that this response only ends …

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Family planning policy

The family planning policy , which is based on the two-child policy and the one-child policy , is a population planning policy of China . It was Introduced from the 1950s „recommendation“, and Evolved to the one-child policy entre Introduced in 1978 and 1980 and Began to be Formally phased out in 2015. The policy allowed Many exceptions and ethnic minoritieswere exempt. In 2007, 36% of China’s population …

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Desertification is a kind of land degradation in a qui Relatively dry area of land Becomes increasingly arid, losing Typically icts bodies of water as well as vegetation and wildlife. [2] It is caused by a variety of factors, such as through climate change and through the exploitation of soil by human activity. [3] When deserts appear automatically over the course of a planet’s life cycle, then it …

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Carrying capacity

The carrying capacity of a biological species in an environment is the maximum population size of the environment indefinitely sustainably, given the food, habitat , water , and other necessities available in the environment. In population biology , carrying capacity is defined as the environment ’s maximum load, [1] qui is different from the concept of equilibrium population. Its effects on population dynamics may be approximated in a logistic model , with this simplification ignores the possibility ofovershoot which real systems may …

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Birth rate

The birth rate (technically, births / population rate) is the total number of live births per 1,000 of a population in a year. [1] The birth rate of births, births, deaths, and marriages; population counts from a census , and estimated through Specialized demographic techniques. The birth rate (along with mortality and migration rate) are used to calculate population growth .

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Birth credit

A „choice-based, marketable, birth license plan,“ or „birth credits“ for population control has-beens Promoted by urban designer and environmental activist Michael E. Arth since the 1990s. [1] Previous iterations of similar transferable birth licensing schemes can be traced to aussi economist Kenneth Boulding (1964) and leading ecological economist and steady-state theorist Herman Daly (1991) [2] [3]

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The biocapacity or biological capacity of an ecosystem is an estimate of its production of certain biological materials such as natural resources , and its absorption and filtering of other materials such as carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. [1] [2] „Useful biological materials“ are defined as those of the human economy.

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Human overpopulation

Human overpopulation (or overshoot population ) occurs when the ecological footprint of a human population in a specific geographical location exceeds the carrying capacity of the occupied. Overpopulation can be further explored in a long-term perspective, and can be used to reduce the burden of non-renewable resources to the population. Changes in lifestyle could reverse overpopulated status without a large population reduction. [1] [2] [3]

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Top-bed updraft gasifier

A top-bed updraft gasifier (also known as TLUD ) is a micro-kiln used to produce charcoal, especially biochar , and heat for cooking. [1] A TLUD pyrolyzes organic material, including wood or manure, and uses a reburner to eliminate volatile byproducts of pyrolization. The process leaves mostly carbon as a residue, which can be incorporated into soil to create terra preta .

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Sustainable yield

The sustainable yield of natural capital is the economic yield of the capital itself, ie the surplus required to maintain ecosystem services at the same time. This usually yield varied over time with the needs of the ecosystem to Maintain Itself, eg a forest That HAS recently Suffered a blight or flooding or fire will require more of icts own ecological yield to sustain and re-establish a mature forest. While doing so, the sustainable yield may be …

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Sustainable landscape architecture

Sustainable landscape architecture is a category of sustainable design with planning and design of outdoor space. [1] This can include ecological, politically correct, social and economic aspects of sustainability. For example, the design of a sustainable urban drainage system can: improve habitats for fauna and flora ; improve recreational facilities, because people love to be beside water; save money, because building is expensive and floods cause severe financial …

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Stockholm Memorandum

The Stockholm Memorandum is a document signed in May 2011 by many Nobel Laureates based on the verdict of the triumph of humanity, which opened the 3rd Nobel Laureate Symposium. [1] [2] The jury of Nobel laureates concluded that the Earth has entered a new geological age, which it calls the Anthropocene, in which humans are the most significant driver of global climate change , and …

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St Andrews Prize for the Environment

The St Andrews Prize for the Environment is an international initiative by the University of St. Andrews in Scotland and the independent exploration and production company ConocoPhillips . [1] The award recognizes significant contributions to environmental issues and concerns. Applications are invited from individuals, multi-disciplinary teams or community groups. The winning environmental project receives funding of $ 100,000 USD and each of the two runners-up receive $ 25,000 USD. [2]

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Society for Organizational Learning

The Society for Organizational Learning ( SoL ) is an American organization founded in 1997 by Peter Senge . It replaced the Center for Organizational Learning at MIT . Since 1999, SoL publishes its own journal, „Reflections“. Its European Counterpart is the European Consortium for the Learning Organization ( ECLO ), established in Brussels in 1990. It was founded by several European multinationals as a response to the US Oriented Approach of …

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The term sawlog is a log of suitable size for sawing into lumber, processed at a sawmill . [1] This is in contrast to those other parts of the stem that are designated pulpwood . Sawlogs will be greater in diameter, straighter and have lower knot frequency. Sawlogs most often come from the „butt end“ of the stem and are the most financially valuable …

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ReNew magazine (currently subtitled ReNew: technology for a sustainable future ) is an Australian magazine covering domestic renewable energy technologies and sustainable culture . Originally a small magazine , printed and distributed locally in Melbourne , it was first published by the Alternative Energy Co-operative in 1980 as Soft Technology: Alternative Energy in Australia . Although it sold for the high cover price of $0.85, the magazine ’s circulation is so fast that by issue 35, …

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Ontario Forest Research Institute

Ontario Forest Research Institute ( OFRI ) is a division of the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (OMNR) located in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada . This institute is composed of research scientists, specialists, statisticians, technicians, management, and administrative staff. OFRI research for sustainable development of Ontario Forests and Natural Resources.

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Nordic swan

The Nordic Ecolabel or Nordic Swan is the official sustainability ecolabel for the Nordic countries , Introduced by the Nordic Council of Ministers in 1989. This is done by a voluntary licensing system Where the application covered Chartered has to follow some criteria set by the Nordic Ecolabelling Outlined in cooperation with stakeholders. These criteria include environmental, quality and health arguments. The criteria levels promote products and services to …

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The New Agriculture Movement ( Template: Lgn-bn ) is an agricultural movement in Bangladesh that opposes the use of Western pesticides and genetically altered seeds. [1] The Movement Began in response to environmental hazards That Were Believed to-have-been started by the use of insecticides and nematicides in the growing of crops . [2]

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The National German Sustainability Award

The German Sustainability Award was established in 2008 to encourage the acceptance of social and ecological responsibility and to identify role models in this area. The award is endorsed by the German Federal Government , local and business associations and other NGOs, among them UNESCO and UNICEF . The awards are presented to cities, companies and individuals promoting the idea of ​​a sustainable …

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Mootral is the name given to a program to reduce methane emissions from ruminant animals, chiefly cows and sheep , but also goats . Methane is a major target greenhouse gas and in the 4th protocol report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is recommended to increase to a x23 to x72 multiply because of the magnitude of its relative effect to carbon dioxide and longevity in Earth’s atmosphere .

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Michael Mobbs

Michael Mobbs is a Sydney-based author and environmental consultant. He worked as an environmental lawyer for 19 years and through this work developed an interest in sustainability . [2] In the 1990s Mobbs converted his Chippendale into a more sustainable house by modifying the water, energy and waste systems. He regularly opens his house for guided public tours. [3]

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Low Carbon Vehicle Event

The Low Carbon Vehicle Event (LCV), is the United Kingdom’s first low carbon vehicle event. It is held at Millbrook Proving Ground at the beginning of September. [1] The show consists of a technical exhibition, seminar sessions and Ride & Drive. [2] LCV is a business-to-business free-to-attend event organized by Cenex and whose main aim is promoting the UK supply chain of the low carbon vehicle industry. [3]

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Life-cycle engineering

Life-cycle engineering (LCE) is an approach to environmental impact in economic conditions. Scope of the assessment is usually the whole life cycle of a product of production, use phase and end of life. The environmental impacts are assessed using an environmental life-cycle assessment (LCA). The economic impacts are evaluated according to the life cycle costing (LCC) approach. Technical boundary conditions are taken into account providing some …

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The Karlskrona Manifesto

The Karlskrona Manifesto for Sustainability Design was created as an output of the Third International Workshop on Requirements for Sustainable Systems (RE4SuSy) held in Karlskrona, Sweden , co-located with the 22nd IEEE International Requirements Engineering Conference (RE’14). Christoph Becker, „Sustainability and Longevity: Two Sides of the Same Quality?“ that sustainability is a common ground for several disciplines related to software, but that this commonality …

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Johannesburg Renewable Energy Coalition

The Johannesburg Renewable Energy Coalition , also known as JREC , is the group of countries supporting the Declaration on the Way Forward on Renewable Energy [1] (also known as the JREC Declaration), made at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg , South Africa , in September 2002. The JREC is co-chaired by the European Commission and the Government of Morocco .

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Johannesburg Declaration

The Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development [1] was adopted at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), and was referred to as the Earth Summit 2002 , at which the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development [2] was also agreed upon . 30yrs ago, Stockholm conference was introduced for the environment and has been introduced.

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Integral Urban House

The Integral Urban House was a pioneering 1970s experiment in self-connecting urban homesteading . The house was located at 1516 5th St. in Berkeley, California . The founders were California State Architect Sim Van der Rynand Bill & Helga Olkowski , authors of the City People’s Guide to Raising Food , and the Farallones Institute (which Van der Ryn founded).

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Incredible Edible

The Incredible Edible project is an urban gardening project which was started in 2008 by Pamela Warhurst , Mary Clear and a group of people in Todmorden , West Yorkshire , England. [1] [2] The project aims to bring people together through actions around local food , helping to change behavior towards the environment and to build a more resilient world. In some cases, it is also important to …

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Hukawng Valley Tiger Reserve

Hukawng Valley Tiger Reserve ( Burmese : ဟူ ကောင်း ကျား ထိန်းသိမ်းရေး နယ်မြေ [hùkáʊɴ tɕá tʰéɪɴ θéɪɴ jé nɛ JEM] ) is a wildlife reserve Located in Hukawng Valley , near Tanai in Myitkyina District of Kachin State , Burma (Myanmar). Hukawng Valley Tiger Reserve covers 21890 km². The Burmese Government has also designated 6500 km² of the valley as the protected forest reserve. It is the world’s largest tiger reserve. [1]

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Green hunting

Green hunting or eco-hunting is the practice of hunting game animals with tranquilizer dart guns [1] [2] and the subsequent release of the live animals. Green hunting Typically Would be Performed When plenum of the animal is Necessary for Monitoring Purposes veterinary gold, [3] Or When animals are to be translocated. [2] Green hunting has been advocated as a conservation-minded alternative to destructive hunting. [4] [5]HOWEVER, criticism has sprung up …

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Global Landscapes Forum

The Global Landscapes Forum ( GLF ) is a science-led multi-stakeholder forum dedicated to promoting the landscape approach . [1] Overview The Global Landscape Forum is the largest science-led platform on sustainable land use. It has connected 3,000 organizations and 25,000 people through events in Warsaw (2013), Lima (2014), Paris (2015) and Marrakesh (2016). [2]

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Elemental chlorine free

Elemental chlorine free (ECF) is a technique that uses chlorine dioxide for the bleaching of wood pulp . It does not use elemental chlorine gas during the bleaching process and prevents the formation of dioxins and dioxin-like compounds , carcinogens . The traditional ECF sequence is DEopDEpD [1] : 14 using the common letter symbols for bleaching stages, [2] though many improved sequences are available. [1] : 15 Totally Chlorine Free (TCF) is a paper that does not …

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Città dell’arte Fashion: Organic Ethical Sustainable Trend

Città dell’arte Fashion: Bio Ethical Sustainable Trend is an initiative of the Fondazione Pistoletto (Pistoletto Foundation) to Promote sustainability in the fashion industry . It was unveiled by Vogue Italia editor-in-chief Franca Sozzani and the artist Michelangelo Pistoletto at a press conference at Pistoletto’s studio in Biella on September 22, 2009. [1] From September 23, 2009 through February 2010, the participants are committed to providing a new model for sustainable practices in fashion. [1]

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National Center for Support to Development and Popular Participation

CENADEP (National Center for Support to Development and Popular Participation) is an environmental federation of the Democratic Republic of the Congo . CENADEP was founded in 2000. The spokesman is Joseph Bobia. CENADEP’s main aim is to protect the Congolese rainforest .

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BTTC Center

BTTC Center is a Class A 12-story green building site location is Ortigas Avenue corner Roosevelt Avenue , Greenhills, San Juan, Metro Manila , Philippines. [1] It is the first green building in Greenhills, San Juan recevoir has pre-certified Gold for Core & Shell under LEED. [2] Developed by Hantex Corporation, it is an office, commercial and retail types of property [3] with a floor plate of 1,384 square meters …

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Avoided burden

Avoided burden is an approach used in life cycle assessment (LCA), Especially in the context of allocating environmental burden in the presence of recycling or reuse . When determining the overall environmental impact of a product, the product is given „credit“ for the potential recycled material. For instance, PET bottles may be given as a credit for PET. [1] This credit is termed „avoided burden“ because it refers to the …

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Accelerated Reduction / Elimination of Toxics

The Accelerated Reduction / Elimination of Toxics (ARET) program was established in the early 1990s. Formation The program was started by the New Directions Group (NDG), a group of senior industry representatives and Environmental Non-Government Organizations (ENGOs). After Environment Canada , 1991, the ARET Stakeholder Committee was formed to participate in the program. The committee of representatives of industry, provincial and federal governments, health and environmental groups, …

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