Ukraine Nature Conservation Society (Ukrpryroda – Ukrayinske tovarystvo okhorony pryrody) is a non-governmental environmental organization, foundation of which was one of the precursors of the Khrushchev thaw during his time in Ukraine.

In 1967, following Ukrpryroda’s advocacy arguments, the Ukrainian Government founded the State Nature Protection Committee that had a status of a central government agency. This eu lieu three years before Nixon Established the EPA in the US, six years before the European Commission created an Environmental and Consumer Protection Directorate and 21 years before Gorbachev Established a similar Soviet-wide agency in Moscow. [1] The State Nature Protection Committee was upgraded to the ministerial status in 1991.

Ukrpryroda promotes public awareness of recycling, environmental education and the love for nature at schools, in local communities and among local authorities. It has branches in all the regions and municipalities of Kiev and Sevastopol.

History

Ukraine Nature Conservation Society (Ukrpryroda) was founded on June 28, 1946 during an environmental disaster – a drought that triggered a famine . It has a fascinating history of struggle of the Ukrainian environmental movement. Nikita Khrushchev (then the Head of the Government of the Ukrainian SSR and the Communist Party ) gave permission for the establishment of Ukrpryroda in many appeals to Ukrainian scientists and conservationists, many of whom were academics . Up until the mid-1960s, working closely with the Planning Commissionand other government bodies. At that time, the introduction of a comprehensive economic and economic approach to the planned economy and the establishment of the Ministry of Environment within the Ukrainian Government .

It was not easy to assert environmental rights in the absence of democracy by Ukraine’s famous scientists. However, giving in to the pressure of Ukrpryroda, the Government created the State Nature Protection Committee as a central government agency in 1967. To compare, the US Environmental Protection Agency was established three years later, and the State Environmental Protection Committees of both USSR and the Russian SFSR were established only 21 years later. Professor Mykhailo Voinstvenskiy was the Chairperson of Ukrpryroda in 1963-1982. In 1971, Professor Stepan Stoyko, head of Ukrpryroda’s Lviv branch, hired Viacheslav Chornovilwho had been previously imprisoned for political beliefs. [2]

During the era of stagnation and the subsequent perestroika , Ukrpryroda focused on environmental education, among high school / university students and senior citizens, mobilizing them to participate in community service days. Ukrpryroda’s and other public voices on environmental issues were heard when the State Nature Protection Committee was led by Dina Protsenko, the first woman in the world to be an environmental minister (in the office during 1978-1988). Only with Ukraine’s independence, the status of the State Nature Protection Committee was elevated to the Ministry of Environment in 1991.

In December 1992, the Ministry of Justice re-registered Ukrpryroda’s charter amended by its 9th Congress on November 21, 1991. In Ukrpryroda governance, the Congress establishes a Pan-Ukrainian Council and its Board that consist, in majority, of volunteers. One of the new goals has become the leverage of the civil society, exercising the legislative right for the public and NGOs to receive information on environmental disclosure, to be consulted and even to participate in pollution inspections and raids against poachers under certain circumstances.

Structure

Ukrpryroda is a nonprofit organism . It is elected by Ukrpryroda volunteers every 5 years. Between Congress meetings, Ukrpryroda is governed by the Pan-Ukrainian Council and its Board Chaired by the President.

23 regional (incl Kiev and Sevastopol) organizations of Ukrpryroda report to the Pan-Ukrainian Council. These regional organizations have 354 districts and 70 local branches, which include 23,000 primary organizations (at schools and universities, etc.), more than 10,000 corporate members, and over 2 million individual members. / volunteers.

Vasyl Shevchuk , to form Environment Minister, has been Chairperson of the Board of Ukrpryroda’s Pan-Ukrainian Council since 2002.

Activities

Participation in the dialogue with the government and politicians

Ukrpryroda stands for and promotes public and parliamentary control over the clean environment. It has-been in hand Taking all of the parliamentary hearings are environmental and Chernobyl issues (in the Verkhovna Rada ) [3]and Promotes the implementation of the Aarhus Convention [4] and the Law of Ukraine on Environmental Auditing. [5]

Also Ukrpryroda proactively encourages the Ukrainian businesses to implement:
– the system of environmental and social risk management , in particular under the Equator Principles . [6]
– Business models that promote sustainable development through energy and resource efficiency, sustainable land use and sustainable biodiversity conservation, and business caring attitudes towards employees and local communities.
– Principles of Corporate Social Responsibility ( CSR ). [7]

Sections of UUkrpryroda

Ukrpryroda’s organizational system includes 10 national and 140 regional thematic sections. Their issue can be divided into the mobilization of scientific research, advocacy and public policy. Among substantive issues for research are environmental safety, protection and restoration of flora and fauna, minerals, water resources, atmosphere, land, fish stocks, forests and protected areas. Advocacy is taken over by the promotion and development of environmental youth movement and the spread of environmental awareness among school and university students, population of regions. Sectional work is public policy includes legislative recommendations are protection and rational use of natural resources and methods (through its scholarly members) to assist regional and local branches of Ukrpryroda.

Environmental activities in the regions

Members of Ukrpryroda take an active part in such international and national environmental actions, as World Environment Day , [8] Earth Day , World Wetlands Day , [9] „Clean Ukraine – Clean Earth“ and such regional environmental actions as „A Primrose“ , „A Spring“, „A Fir Tree“, „Clean Air“, „A Tomtit“, „A Swamp Turtle“, „A Spawning“ and other ones.

It is important for participation in environmental protection, performing a variety of regional and local environmental actions such as afforestation, planting trees in the urban areas, greening public places, cleaning rivers and lakes, liquidation of dumps, and so on. Ukrpryroda’s regional organizations initiates community service days when communities clean their territories.

Educational activities

Every year the Pan-Ukrainian Council together with the regional organizations of Ukrpryroda conducts public and public-awareness campaigns by organizing public readings, weekend excursions, public movie / documentary watching, thematic exhibitions, open roundtables and seminars.

Also, Ukrpryroda is coming out through publications, particularly the nationwide popular-science magazine ‚The Native Nature‘, ‚The Shamrock‘ newspaper, many brochures, and sections in the local newspapers help regular appearances in the media.

Partners and similar organizations around the world

Europe

  •  Austria : Naturschutzbund Österreich
  •  Denmark : Danish Society for Nature Conservation
  •  France : France nature environment
  •  Germany : Naturschutzbund Deutschland
  •  Italy : Pro Natura
  •  Netherlands : Midfielder
  •  Norway : Norwegian Society for the Conservation of Nature
  •  Russia : Pan-Russian Nature Conservation Society
  •  Sweden : Swedish Society for Nature Conservation
  •  United Kingdom : Environmental Protection UK , British Ecological Society

Australia and Oceania

  •  Australia : Australian Conservation Foundation
  •  New Zealand : ECO

America

  •  Canada : Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society , Nature Canada
  •  Mexico : Pronatura
  •  United States : Sierra Club , The Nature Conservancy

Africa and the Middle East

  •  Ethiopia : Ethiopian Wildlife and Natural History Society [10]
  •  Israel : Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel
  •  Kenya : Green Belt Movement
  •  Nigeria : Nigerian Conservation Foundation
  •  South Africa : Wildlife and Environment Society of South Africa
  •  UAE : Emirates Environmental Group

asia

  •  China : China Wildlife Conservation Association [11]
  •  India : Wildlife Trust of India
  •  Japan : Nature Conservation Society of Japan [12]
  •  South Korea : Korean Society of Nature Conservation , Korean Association for Conservation of Nature , National Nature Trust , The Ecological Society of Korea [13]
  • Nepal : National Trust for Nature Conservation
  •  Vietnam : Vietnam Association for the Conservation of Nature and Environment [14]

References

  1. Jump up^ See the years of establishment of theState Committees for Environmental Protectionof theUSSRand theRussian SFSR.
  2. Jump up^ See Marine Elbakidze. Professor Stoyko’s rule of eight. (in Ukrainian) ‚The Vysokiy Zamok‘ newspaper of May 14, 2010.
  3. Jump up^ Website of the ParliamentaryEnvironment Committee
  4. Jump up^ Text of theAarhus Convention on the parliamentary page
  5. Jump up^ Text of theLaw of Ukraine No. 1862-IV dd. June 24, 2004 „On the Environmental Audit“ on the parliamentary website
  6. Jump up^ Russian text of theEquator Principlesand English text of thePerformance Standards for Social and Economic Sustainability
  7. Jump up^ Global Reporting Initiative – Sustainability Reporting Guidelines
  8. Jump up^ Celebrated on June 5, the opening day of theUnited Nations Conference on the Human Environment(Stockholm, 1972) qui foundedUNEP
  9. Jump up^ Celebrated on February 2, the signing date of theRamsar Convention(Iran, 1971)
  10. Jump up^ Seehttp://ewnhs.org.et
  11. Jump up^ Seehttp://en.cwca.org.cn
  12. Jump up^ Seehttp://www.nacsj.or.jp/english
  13. Jump up^ Seehttp://www.ja-yon.or.kr http://www.kacn.orghttp://www.nnt.or.kr http://www.ecosk.org
  14. Jump up^ Seehttp://vacne.org.vn/en